Bike Ergonomics: Rider and Bike together as one.
People are the focus—the bicycle is perfectly adapted to the rider.
The overall system
Cycling is one of the few types of travel in which different body parts interact with different parts of the bicycle to form a single unit. The slightest changes have an impact on the body and the efficiency of travel. Therefore, the bicycle should be matched as a whole to human body.
According to Ergonomics
Ergonomics supports you
The design of the product takes on the form of your body and leads to a better distribution of opposing forces. Unpleasant pressure points and related discomforts are avoided.
Ergonomics guarantees optimum handling
The physiological adaptation of ergonomic products to your body makes it exceptionally user-friendly and comfortable.
Ergonomics directs you
Your joint position, range of motion, and overall posture can be optimized. Misalignments and the associated pains will be corrected or prevented.
Ergonomics gives maintenance
Different materials with specific properties on the various contact points of the bicycle optimize your contact to the bicycle, thus enabling a better control.
Ergonomics of sitting
Why do I have saddle problems and what can I do to combat it?
The Sitting Area
When cycling, most of your body weight lies on the relatively small saddle surface. The seating area is one of the most sensitive regions of the body. This situation often leads to discomfort, numbness feelings, and saddle problems while cycling.
Why do I have saddle problems?
On the buttock lies the pressure-sensitive perineum and genital area. If the rider’s weight is not transmitted uniformly to the insensitive points of the buttocks, arising pressure points can lead to increased seat symptoms. Between the pelvis and saddle, compressed nerves are leading to numbness and discomfort, particularly the pudendal nerve which is comprised of a web of many nerves.
What can I do against saddle pain?
For healthy pressure distribution of your body weight on the saddle the sit bone distance and torso inclination should harmonize together. Equally crucial is the right saddle width, so that sufficient contact surface is provided for weight distribution and the thigh is still free to rotate. In the perineal and genital area there should not be high pressure so that nerves and blood vessels aren’t being pinched. A relief channel fills accommodates this need and distributes the pressure off the pressure points.
The measured sit bone distance decreases progressively in an upright riding position. Therefore Sport saddles are cut narrower than Touring or City saddles.
When leaning forward, pelvic nerve pathways and blood vessels can be compressed, particularly in the perineum area. Without a relief channel in the seat surface between the seat and the pubic bones, numbness and seat discomfort would result.
Relief by pressure distribution
The area around the sit bones is less sensitive to pressure than the perineal and genital area and can much better distribute the weight of the upper body on the saddle surface. Optimum pressure distribution in the area of the seat and pubic arches is achieved by a flat, uniform surface contact, and use of high quality orthopedic foams.
Cycling is not static. The body naturally tries to counteract the occurring pressures due to slight variations in the seating position. Uphill, the rider slips intuitively towards saddle nose to displace the body center of gravity forward. Downhill, it behaves in an opposite manner.
Ergon saddles are designed for dynamic sitting. The seating area is designed to be completely free of steps and allows all variations of the seating position through its anatomical shape.
Sit bones and size differences
The sit bones are the lowest-lying areas of the pelvis. By measuring the seat bone distance the correct saddle width can be determined. There are different methods to make the sitting bones footprints visible. They will always be measured in an upright torso posture. The distance between the two measuring points to each other is the seat bone distance. Ergon saddles are available in various widths, depending on the discipline, to cover all individual seat width ranges.
Saddle Selector OnlineFind your recommended saddle
Ergonomics of gripping
What causes hand pain and what can I do to combat it?
Many recreational and professional cyclists know the problem when the hands fall asleep or begins to tingle. The hand is a very complex and sensitive part of the body, a lot of nerves running through the wrist, which is a bottleneck and thus a problem zone. Due to the low fat and muscle, the hand is less protected and thus vulnerable to pressure load.
Why do I get hand pain?
The hands bolster a large part of the upper body weight onto the handlebars. Thus there is constant and high pressure onto a small area causing nerves to be irritated. To make matters worse, many cyclists bend their wrists too much. The result is sensory loss, tingling, numbness or abnormal sensations in the little finger and ring finger. In extreme cases, even the grasping function of all fingers is limited.
What can I do to combat hand pain?
Hand pressure must be distributed on a wider scale. Through a larger contact area of the grip, the forces are distributed better and the nerves are not irritated. A rider who has these problems should opt for an ergonomic wing grip. Through the use of a screw clamp, Ergon grips can be fixed to a custom and individual angle on the handlebar. The result, the wrist is actively prevented from kinking of falling downward.
One should also pay attention to the seating position, since a poorly adjusted bicycle also has negative effects on the body. A correct bike fit is assured from your dealer, a fitting expert, or the Ergon Fitting Box.
Ergon grips are seperated into different functional areas. Different textures are used to optimize the specific use of each area.
Every hand is different. Ergon grips are available for different hand shapes and sizes.
Special grips recommended for all-mountain and enduro riders
On long, rough descents, there is often a burning of the hands, which makes it hard to hang onto the handle bar. The so-called “Arm Pump” arises when the gripping muscle is tensed for a long time and there is blood congestion. All Ergon Gravity grips are slightly ergonomically formed and thus support the position of the arms. Through cut outs in the grip core and the use of special rubber compound, shock is better absorbed and considerably reduces wear on the postural muscles of the hand.
Ergon is Ergonomics
The three disciplines; ergonomics, engineering, and design work closely together in our company. Here ergonomics is the main component that makes up the Ergon DNA.